Of course, that's what I thought of it when I read it for the first time in high school. I think Catcher in the Rye is one of those stories that really only makes sense after you've already moved through adolescence, or least when you're started to leave it behind. As students read the story, I wonder if they see Holden as a peer...but a peer that they don't care much for. It's only after the fact we can look back and see some elements of Holden in ourselves. Every one of us has had moments of hating "phonies" or just wanting to find something different. Holden is simultaneously lost, but also wise beyond his years.
While I doubt all my students will really get it (and to be fair, it's not their fault; things look different at different ages), I hope they'll at least be able to carry it with them going forward.